Return migration and socioeconomic mobility in MENA:Evidence from labour market panel surveys
This study examines the effects of cross-border return migration on intertemporal and intergenerational transmission of socio-economic status across six new harmonized surveys from three Arab countries: Egypt (1998, 2006, 2012), Jordan (2010, 2016) and Tunisia (2014). We link individuals’ current outcomes to those in prior years and to their parents’ outcomes. We first isolate the outcomes of interest – income, employment status, household wealth based on both productive and non-productive assets, and residence status. Next, we evaluate individuals’ socioeconomic mobility over time and across generations as a function of their migration histories. Return migrants, current migrants, and (yet) non-migrants are distinguished. Transitions in individuals’ outcomes across years and generations are made functions of pre-existing socioeconomic status, demographics and migration status.
Trade in Goods and Services and Its Effect on Economic Growth –The Case of Jordan. Applied Econometrics and International Development
The paper aims at empirically investigating the specific growth contribution of the trade in goods and services in Jordan for the period 1980-2014. The model is estimated using the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares approach. Among the results, it emerges that trade in goods has a negative effect on GDP in Jordan, whereas trade in services positively affects economic performance.
Working Paper: The Nexus Between Internal and External Macroeconomic Imbalances – Evidence from Egypt
This paper examines the nexus between internal and external imbalances of the Egyptian economy. In fact, both the twin-deficit hypothesis (TDH) and the Feldstein–Horioka (FH) paradox are examined. Using quarterly data (between 2002 and 2014) in order to capture the short-term dynamics that might affect the Egyptian economy, a Granger causality test and an error-correction model are run in order to determine both the short-term adjustment and the long-run relationship between internal and external imbalances. Our main findings show that the TDH is rejected and a reversed causality running from the current account to the budget deficit exits. Moreover, the FH puzzle is partially rejected since Egypt, while not being perfectly integrated in the world capital market, has a high degree of capital mobility.