How Resilient are the Healthcare Systems in the Mediterranean? Cases of Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia

Rym Ayadi, Sara Ronco

Amidst the disrupting circumstances resulting from the global pandemic COVID-19, this new study, jointly conducted by the Regional Program Political Dialogue South Mediterranean of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and the Euro-Mediterranean Economists Association EMEA, assesses the resilience of the healthcare systems in the Mediterranean with a focus on six countries: Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia.

The study, authored by EMEA President Prof. Rym Ayadi and EMEA researcher Sara Ronco, sheds light on the healthcare systems in the targeted countries, their preparedness, crisis management, the role of the European Union and international community in supporting the targeted countries, and policy responses to contain the pandemic. The study also includes policy recommendations aiming at improving healthcare capacity in a medium-to-long term plan.

This study is a part of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung’s (KAS PolDiMed) Regional Program Political Dialogue South Mediterranean, which aims to implement cross-national projects with reference to the South (Maghreb) and East Mediterranean (Mashrek). Its objective is to strengthen the political dialogue and societal and economic integration in the Mediterranean region and to sustainably promote cooperation and partnership with the European Union.

COVID-19 Policy Assessment Monitor: Mediterranean and Africa March – September 2020

Rym Ayadi, Giovanni Barci, Sara Ronco

Amidst the disrupting circumstances resulting from the global pandemic COVID-19, this new study provides a comprehensive overview of the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Mediterranean and Africa, policy and economic responses to curb it and to alleviate the socio-economic negative consequences.

Lead author of the study is the President of EMEA and Director of EMNES, Prof Rym Ayadi, with contributions from EMEA researchers Giovanni Barci and Sara Ronco.

The study provides the description of the EMEA COVID-19 Monitor Platform and the main findings from the monitoring implemented from the beginning of the pandemic till 24 September 2020.

The Platform is composed of different sections, following the three pillars proposed by EMEA in its first study on COVID-19 (Ayadi et al., 2020). After several months of observations, the study provides a preliminary assessment of the COVID-19 evolution, containment and de-containment measures and the socio-economic preparedness and policies adopted to mitigate the impact of the pandemic. The study is part of the EMEA policy research initiative on COVID-19 launched on March 18th, 2020.  The initiative provides up-to-date research on COVID-19 related topics, publishes studies, data and policy papers and organizes webinars to discuss the outcomes. It is led and coordinated by Prof. Rym Ayadi, President of EMEA and Director of EMNES.

Since events surrounding COVID-19 are unfolding at the time of writing, EMEA research team and EMNES researchers and fellows continue updating the data, policy developments and the economic and social consequences of the pandemic throughout the Mediterranean and Africa.

The updates are posted regularly on the EMEA platform.

EMEA COVID-19 Tracker

The Tracker collects automatically daily data from international institutions (e.g. WHO, OECD, IMF..) on the COVID-19 pandemic via a built-in algorithm.

EMEA COVID-19 Monitor

The Monitor provides weekly assessments of the COVID-19 evolutions and EMEA analysis on the topic.



Assessing Regional Integration in the Euro-Mediterranean: A Multi-Dimensional Regional Integration Matrix EMEA Study

Rym Ayadi, Kostas Fragkiadakis, Leonidas Paroussos, Emanuele Sessa

The developments in the Euro-Mediterranean region during the last decade highlight a trend towards more fragmentation, which is widening. The COVID-19 crisis put further pressure on the region and fundamentally questioned the process of regional integration, with the enforcement of lockdowns and mobility restrictions and the overall disruption of global value chains.

In view of this context, the objective of this study is to propose a Regional Integration Matrix (RIM) to assess the regional integration process in the Euro-Mediterranean region. The remainder of the study is organised as follows: the first chapter discusses regional integration and its monitoring at a conceptual level, based on a survey of relevant academic literature.
The second chapter builds on and updates the work done by the lead author providing a brief history of Euro-Mediterranean integration, before turning to the question of whether past initiatives have led to economic catch-up between lower and higher income countries in the region. The third chapter proposes the Regional Integration Matrix (RIM) to monitor regional integration in the Euro-Mediterranean.

Link to Statement on the 25 years of the Barcelona Process by Prof. Rym Ayadi

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